Bluish Under Eye Circles
CAUSE: Your lifestyle is likely responsible for your blue-toned dark circles. They show up when you’re lacking sleep, are suffering from allergies or nasal decongestion or are stressed out. “They are the visible manifestation of slow microcirculation, which causes the blood to become less oxygenated and turn from bright red to dull blue,” says Ni’Kita Wilson, YouBeauty Cosmetic Chemistry Expert.
SOLUTION: The good news? These bluish circles are preventable (since they’re basically your fault). To avoid them in the first place, “get enough sleep and get an allergy shot if you need it,” Wilson says. A few deep breaths and some relaxation or meditation wouldn’t hurt either.
You can easily treat them at home with a caffeine-infused eye cream, which Wilson says can improve microcirculation (Try 100% Pure Organic Coffee Bean Caffeine Eye Cream, $19). The fine lines around your eyes accentuate dark circles, so minimize their appearance with a moisturizing primer, such as NeoStrata Skin Active Line Lift, $100. “It can help mask lines while actually treating them by increasing hyaluronic acid production in the skin,” says Heidi Waldorf, M.D., director of laser and cosmetic dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City.
QUIZ: Body Skin
Violet-Reddish Under Eye Circles
CAUSE: Aging and genetics are to blame for your purple or red toned under eye circles. What you’re seeing are visible blood vessels. As your skin ages, it becomes thinner, making blood vessels more visible. What’s technically happening is that your vessel walls dilate and weaken surrounding capillaries, which causes blood cells to leak, says Wilson. If you have particularly fair skin, genetics is often the culprit. You skin tends to be more translucent, making blood vessels obvious.
SOLUTION: If your circles have become more apparent with age, try a retinol-based eye cream. It can help thicken the skin around your eyes to make the vessels less visible, says Wilson. Try: SkinCeuticals Retinol 1.0, $59. If that alone doesn’t work, or if a fair skin tone is likely the source of your circles, talk to a dermatologist about treating the area with a Pulsed Dye Laser, suggests Waldorf. The non-invasive treatment uses light induced heat to destroy visible blood vessels.
Brownish-Black Under Eye Circles
CAUSE: Sun damage and genetics can result in hyperpigmentation, which creates brown or black colored circles under your eyes. While all skin tones are susceptible to dark circles caused by excess pigmentation, they’re most common in medium to darker skin tones.