While you may spend hours scouring beauty counters searching for miracle concoctions to help you look more attractive, what others inherently find beautiful about your face may actually be based more on proportions than potions.
What are some of these markers of beauty? And more importantly, why do we find them to be beautiful?
“All of these questions are linked to evolution,” says Dr. Pamela Pallett, a researcher at Dartmouth University. “You want to have a healthy mate because that person likely has good genetics, and the faces we perceive as beautiful can signify good genetics.”
So, to some degree, we are programmed to be more attracted to certain faces over others. Sexual dimorphism, a fancy term for sex-specific traits, is one of the major factors in determining what we find beautiful. The more feminine a woman’s features are, the more attractive she’s perceived to be.
“For women, things like large eyes, a small nose and fuller lips are generally found to be more attractive since they are considered to enhance facial femininity,” says Dr. Viren Swami, a Reader in Psychology at the University of Westminster, co-author of “The Psychology of Physical Attraction,” and YouBeauty Attraction Expert. One study zeroes in further and notes that a bigger forehead and smaller-than-average chin and nose are found to be more desirable in a woman.
The reasoning? Researchers believe that we’ve evolved to consider female-specific traits as markers of a high estrogen-to-testosterone ratio. This implies high fertility— in the end, it’s all about making healthy babies.
But just because you don’t look like Megan Fox doesn’t mean you’re out of luck. It’s important to note that it’s less about your specific features than it is about the overall face, says Dr. Swami. In other words, as long as your features collectively feminize your face (even if you have a larger nose or thinner lips, for instance), you’re still considered pretty. “If high cheekbones contribute to greater femininity, then the total look would be perceived to be attractive,” he explains. “Not necessarily just the high cheekbones on their own.”
While we’re talking cheeks, you’d be surprised to know that not all model-skinny or angular faces are considered ideal. A St. Andrews University study shows that facial adiposity, or the perception of weight in the face, was actually rated as more attractive to men. From an evolutionary standpoint, fuller faces indicate agreeable cardiovascular health and immunity to other infections. Good health equals healthy babies, right? At least that may have been our ancestors’ (unconscious) reasoning.
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