I haven’t mentioned much about the role of medicinal plants in my integrative medical practice, but I use them quite a bit. Frankly, I think botanicals do a much better job with less toxicity than conventional drugs or surgery for the treatment of conditions that are mild to moderate in severity.
Coca leaves possess 14 bioactive alkaloids (of which one is cocaine); some stimulate the gut while others inhibit its activity. If you present the whole mixture to the body—as opposed to a single, highly purified version of one compound, which is what you typically find in conventional drugs—the thought is that receptors in gut tissue can bind to only the alkaloids they need for returning the gut back to balance. Because they’re absorbed selectively, medicinal plants may offer more treatment options with fewer side effects.
Of all the medicinal plants I use, one of my favorites is known as holy basil.I was first introduced to this green, leafy plant more than 10 years ago, during my fellowship training at the University of Arizona’s Center for Integrative Medicine. At the time, I was studying botanical remedies in Costa Rica with Dr. Weil and holy basil (or tulsi) was growing there.Holy basil, long used for religious and medicinal purposes, is revered as sacred in India. It is one of the prized botanicals used in the ancient traditional Indian medical system known as Ayurveda.
Through my research, I discovered that holy basil has both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, but what fascinated me more was its use by mystics and meditators as a rasayana—an herb used to foster personal growth and enlightenment.Living tulsi plants are kept in many Indian homes where it is believed to provide a sacred aura and endow divine protection to one’s household; rosaries are made from its cut stems and used for prayer beads.
It was obvious to me that there was more to this plant than its medicinal properties alone.In reviewing the literature about holy basil, I was most fascinated by its ability to lower cortisol, the long-acting stress-hormone produced by the adrenal glands. High levels of cortisol can damage the cardiovascular system, retard immunity, create hormonal imbalances, kill memory cells in the brain, promote bone loss, increase carbohydrate cravings, raise blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose, and accelerate the aging process. In other words, lowering them is good.
In my clinical experience (as well as my personal life), most of my clients have stress-related conditions. Holy basil is at the top of my list of plant-based strategies to target such issues.